WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW about TV Standards

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WORLD STANDARDS

NTSC – National Television Systems Committee

Line Frequency 15.734k Hz
Scanning Lines 525
Field Frequency 60 Hz
Color Signal Modulation System Suppressed Quadrature Modulation System
Color Signal Frequency 3.579545 MHz
Burst Signal Phase settled

PAL – Phase Alternation Line

Line Frequency 15.734 kHz
Scanning Lines 625
Field Frequency 50 Hz
Color Signal Modulation System Suppressed Quadrature Modulation System
Color Signal Frequency 4.433619 MHz
Burst Signal Inversion by 1H

PAL M – Phase Alternation Line – M

Line Frequency 15.734 kHz
Scanning Lines 525
Field Frequency 60 Hz
Color Signal Modulation System Suppressed Quadrature Modulation System
Color Signal Frequency 3.575311 MHz
Burst Signal Inversion by 1H

SECAM – Sequential Couleur a Memoire

Line Frequency 15.625 kHz
Scanning Lines 625
Field Frequency 50 Hz
Color Signal Modulation System FM Conversion System
Color Signal Frequency 4.40625 MHz/4.250 MHz
Burst Signal Phase settled

A
Afghanistan PAL
Albania SECAM
Algeria PAL
Andorra PAL
Angola PAL
Antigua NTSC
Argentina PAL
Australia PAL
Austria PAL
Azores PAL

B
Bahamas NTSC
Bahrain PAL
Bangladesh PAL
Barbados NTSC
Belgium PAL
Belize NTSC
Benin SECAM
Bermuda NTSC
Bolivia NTSC
Borneo PAL
Bosnia-Herzogovina PAL
Botswana PAL
Brazil PAL M
Brunei PAL
Bulgaria SECAM
Burkina SECAM
Burundi SECAM

C
C.I.S. SECAM
Cambodia SECAM/PAL
Cameroon PALM
Canada NTSC
Canary Islands PAL
Central African Republic SECAM
Chad SECAM
Chile NTSC
China (Peoples Republic) PAL
Colombia NTSC
Comoros SECAM
Congo (Peoples Republic) SECAM
Costa Rica NTSC
Croatia SECAM
Cuba NTSC
Curacao NTSC
Cyprus (Greek) SECAM
Cyprus (Turkish) PAL
Czechoslovakia SECAM/PAL

D
Denmark PAL
Djibouti SECAM
Dominican Republic NTSC

E
Ecuador NTSC
Egypt SECAM
El Salvador NTSC
Equatorial Guinea PAL
Estonia SECAM
Ethiopia PAL

F
Fiji PAL
Finland PAL
France SECAM
French Guiana SECAM

G
Gabon SECAM
Gambia PAL
Germany PAL
Ghana PAL
Gibraltar PAL
Great Britain PAL
Greece SECAM
Greenland PAL
Grenada NTSC
Guadeloupe SECAM
Guam NTSC
Guatemala NTSC
Guinea SECAM
Guinea-Bissau PAL
Guyana NTSC

H
Haiti SECAM
Hawaii NTSC
Honduras NTSC
Hong Kong PAL
Hungary PAL

I
Iceland PAL
India PAL
Indonesia PAL
Iran SECAM
Iraq SECAM
Ireland PAL
Israel PAL
Italy PAL
Ivory Coast SECAM

J
Jamaica NTSC
Japan NTSC
Jordan PAL

K
Kenya PAL
Korea (North) PAL
Korea (South) NTSC
Kuwait PA

L
Laos PAL
Latvia SECAM
Lebanon SECAM
Lesotho PAL
Liberia PAL
Libya SECAM
Lithuania SECAM
Luxembourg SECAM/PAL

M
Macau PAL
Madagascar SECAM/PAL
Malawi PAL
Malaysia PAL
Maldives PAL
Mali SECAM
Malta PAL
Martinique SECAM
Mauritania SECAM
Mauritius SECAM
Mexico NTSC
Monaco SECAM/PAL
Mongolia SECAM
Morocco SECAM
Mozambique PAL
Myanmar NTSC

N
Namibia PAL
Nepal PAL
Netherlands Antilles NTSC
Netherlands PAL
New Caledonia SECAM
New Zealand PAL
Nicaragua NTSC
Niger (Republic) SECAM
Nigeria PAL
Norway PAL

O
Oman PAL

P
Pakistan PAL
Panama NTSC
Papua New Guinea PAL
Paraguay PAL
Peru NTSC
Philippines NTSC
Poland SECAM
Portugal PAL
Puerto Rico NTSC

Q
Qatar PAL

R
Réunion SECAM
Romania SECAM
Rwanda SECAM

S
St. Kitts NTSC
St. Lucia NTSC
Samoa NTSC
Saudi Arabia SECAM
Senegal SECAM
Seychelles PAL
Sierra Leone PAL
Singapore PAL
Slovenia SECAM
Soloman Islands PAL
Somalia PAL
South Africa PAL
Spain PAL
Sri Lanka PAL
Sudan PAL
Surinam NTSC
Swaziland PAL
Sweden PAL
Switzerland PAL
Syria SECAM

T
Taiwan NTSC
Tanzania PAL
Thailand PAL
Togo SECAM
Trinidad & Tobago NTSC
Tunisia SECAM
Turkey PAL

U
U.A.E. PAL
U.S.A. NTSC
Uganda PAL
Uruguay PAL

V
Venezuela NTSC
Vietnam PAL
Virgin Islands NTSC

W
Western Sahara PAL

Y
Yemen PAL
Yugoslavia PAL

Z
Zaire SECAM
Zambia PAL
Zimbabwe PAL